Guidelines to ensure safe self-driving vehicle tests

China released a national guideline on road tests for self-driving vehicles on Thursday, as part of a broader drive to accelerate the development of the technology and gain the advantage in commercializing such vehicles.

The guideline, which was jointly issued by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Transport, allows local authorities to evaluate local conditions and arrange road tests for autonomous vehicles. It states that the test vehicles should be passenger or commercial automobiles, not low-speed vehicles or motorcycles.

According to the regulation, which will take effect on May 1, test vehicles should be able to switch between self-driving and conventional driving in order to ensure the test driver can quickly take over in case of a malfunction.

Moreover, test applicants must be independent legal entities registered in China, and have to first complete tests in designated closed zones before conducting road tests.

Xin Guobin, vice-minister of industry and information technology, said: “Road testing for self-driving vehicles is a complicated project and safety should be the top priority.”

He added that car manufacturers should intensify their efforts in the research and development of self-driving technology, to offer more vehicles with safe and reliable performance.

The government is studying how to improve road infrastructure in order to better adapt to the self-driving vehicles, according to the Ministry of Transport.

Beijing issued the nation’s first guideline for road tests of autonomous vehicles in December and unveiled a closed testing ground for autonomous cars in February.

In addition, on March 1, the authorities in Shanghai issued the country’s first road test licenses to two smart-car makers, SAIC Motor Corp Ltd and electric vehicle startup Nio Auto.

“The national guideline on self-driving vehicles will regulate the whole industry, providing a reference and guidance for local authorities that have yet to issue such guidelines,” said Tao Ji, technical director of Baidu Inc’s automatic driving department.

Tao added that safety is the priority in the R&D, design, manufacturing and road tests of self-driving vehicles. Baidu has already obtained road test licenses for its self-driving vehicles in Beijing and Pingtan, Fujian province.

Li Keqiang, a professor of the department of automotive engineering at Tsinghua University, said: “Safety comes first for self-driving cars.” Pointing to the recent fatal accident involving a pedestrian and an Uber Technologies Inc self-driving car in the United States, he called for car manufacturers to establish safety management systems.

“We still need more time before we can see highly or totally autonomous vehicles. This depends on advances in technology, social recognition and the construction of road and telecommunication infrastructure,” Li said.

 

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China steps towards intelligent manufacturing

Under the theme “An Open and Innovative Asia for a World of Greater Prosperity”, the Boao Forum 2018 opens this weekend in south China’s tropical Hainan Province. In recent years, Chinese companies have been shifting towards innovation and exporting high-quality products that meet the rigorous standards and expectations of global consumers. The development of artificial intelligence (AI) and robots signals a dramatic change in the manufacturing sector.

Athletes weren’t the only attraction at the 2018 Winter Olympics, 24 robots danced to the rhythm during China’s eight-minute show at the closing ceremony, causing a sensation in the world of robotics. Head of the design crew, Zhang Lei, once thought his brief was mission impossible.

“The organizing committee and my team were completely stunned when the director of the eight-minute show revealed the maneuvers he wanted the robots to perform. We had only two to three months to prepare everything from scratch,” said Zhang Lei, the head of the design crew from Siasun Robot & Automation Co., Ltd.

The eight minutes in PyeongChang showcased how much China’s intelligent manufacturing has progressed in recent years. In northeast China’s Shenyang, a city that boasts the country’s largest robot production base, more of its products are being deployed to the service sector. While these robots are mainly having a positive impact, in the reception of one local electricity center, the manager points out some areas where there’s still room for improvement.

“Sometimes, the robot gets confused in noisy surroundings. It can mix up the orders of different people. Other than that, it is doing well, considering the service requirements and the amount of information it provides to the customers,” Ju Shibo told CGTN.

How do you determine how advanced a country is when it comes to robotics?

One measure is “robot density,” which shows the number of robots per 10,000 workers. Robots are at the core of the government’s sweeping “Made in China 2025” plan to upgrade factories and make them highly automated. The country wants to reach a robot density of 150 units by 2020.

The increase in robot density in China is the most dynamic in the world, particularly between 2013 and 2016. The density rate rose from 25 units in 2013 to 68 units in 2016. Beijing intends to forge ahead and get China into the world’s top ten automated nations in just two years.

“It’s a realistic target, as labor costs are rising in China, pushing up the cost of manufacturing. Also, production techniques for robots continue to improve, which in turn makes the robots more cost-effective,” said Wang Kecheng, a manager of the company.

The “Made in China 2025” plan aims to move the country’s manufacturing sector up the value chain, but some argue the level of automation required is several steps ahead of China’s current level. If domestic robot manufacturers hope to fill the gap, they will no doubt face fierce global competition.

 

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No winner in China-U.S. trade war: Premier Li

BEIJING, March 20– There will be no winner in a trade war should one happen between China and the United States, Premier Li Keqiang said at a press conference after the conclusion of the annual legislative session.

 

A trade “war” would go against the principles of trade — negotiation, consultation and dialogue, according to Li.

 

China hopes both sides act rationally rather than emotionally, he said.

 

Last year, China-U.S. trade reached about 580 billion U.S. dollars. Such a substantial trade volume could not have been achieved without business rules and market principles, he said.

 

“A large trade deficit is not something [that] we want to see,” said Li. “What we want is balanced trade, otherwise bilateral trade would not be sustainable.”

 

China is going to further open services and manufacturing, which Li believes will create opportunities for the United States.

 

Li hoped that the United States will also ease its restrictions on the export of its high-tech and high value-added goods to China.

 

He added that intellectual property rights will be protected in a strict way.

 

As the world’s largest developing and developed countries, China and the United States are highly complementary in economy, and a stable China-U.S. relationship is in the interests of both countries and the whole world, he said.

 

China will remain a responsible and long-term investor globally, Li said. “It is unnecessary to worry about China’s development.”

 

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U.S. Fed raises interest rates, signals two more rate hikes in 2018

The U.S. Federal Reserve on Wednesday raised the benchmark interest rate by 25 basis points and signaled two more rate hikes in 2018, citing “strengthened” economic outlook in recent months.

“In view of realized and expected labor market conditions and inflation,” the Fed decided to raise the target range for the federal funds rate to 1.5 to 1.75 percent, the central bank said in a statement after concluding a two-day meeting.

 

Fed officials widely expected that the U.S. economy would grow at a faster pace this and next year, driven by fiscal stimulus and improved overseas demands.

The U.S. economy will grow at 2.7 percent in 2018 and 2.4 percent in 2019, higher than previous projections of 2.5 percent and 2.1 percent, respectively, according to the Fed’s forecasts released on Wednesday.

Fed officials also expected core inflation to rise to 2.1 percent next year, slightly above the Fed’s target and up from an earlier projection of 2 percent.

The unemployment rate is estimated to fall to 3.8 percent in 2018 and 3.6 percent in 2019, both below the previous projections of 3.9 percent.

Fed policymakers still envisioned three rate hikes in 2018 despite of improved economic outlook, according to the median forecast for interest rates.

But Fed officials penciled three rate increases in 2019 and two in 2020, more than previously estimated in December.

However, Fed Chairman Jerome Powell downplayed the significance of these interest rate forecasts, declining to acknowledge that the central bank would pursue a faster pace of tightening.

“I think like any set of forecasts, those forecasts will change over time. They will change depending on the way the outlook for the economy changes,” Powell said at a press conference after the meeting.

“If the economy is stronger or weaker, the path could be a little less gradual or a little more gradual,” he said.

Wednesday’s announcement marked the Fed’s sixth rate hike since late 2015 and the first move under Powell, who took the helm of the central bank in February.

 

After this rate hike, the stress of RMB appreciation for exporting business will be

relieved some.

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Self-driven cars expected on China’s roads in 3-5 years

Unmanned vehicles will appear in regular traffic in three to five years, and people can soon travel in automatically-driven cars on expressways between Beijing and Shanghai while “eating and singing,” according to the CEO of one of China’s largest tech firms.

Robin Li Yanhong, who is also a member of the 13th National Committee of Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), made the prediction at the first session of the 13th CPPCC National Committee in Beijing.

Li said Baidu is attempting to connect with some mainstream car manufacturers to make automatic driving possible on expressways.

“If you want to travel from Beijing to Shanghai, for example, the only thing you need is to drive the car to Beijing’s Fifth Ring Road or expressway, wait, enjoy eating and singing until the system reminds you to take over and drive off the expressway after you arrive in Shanghai,” Li said.

Baidu will launch a limited number of minibuses without steering wheels or driver’s seats this year, according to the tech company’s head. Cooperating with China’s King Long, a bus manufacturer, the minibus called “Abolong” will first operate on closed roads or limited conditions like scenic areas and docks.

“Artificial intelligence will be the Fourth Industrial Revolution in human history, and China has stepped into this field in good time,” Sun Zhang, a railway expert and professor at Shanghai Tongji University, told the Global Times.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) published a list of the 50 smartest companies of 2017 in June 2017, and seven companies from the Chinese mainland including Baidu, Tencent and Alibaba were on the list.

“The next step is for China to offer legal support for automated cars, establish laws and policies that standardize the industry, and to encourage car producers to cooperate with research centers to hasten the development of technologies required for self-driving,” Sun said.

On March 1, China issued the country’s first three road test licenses to smart car makers that allowed the operators to use a 5.6-kilometer public road in Jiading district of East China’s Shanghai Municipality to test smart cars, CCTV reported. Shanghai also issued its Regulations on Intelligent and Connected Vehicles Road Testing (Trial) on February 28.

Southwest China’s Chongqing Municipality on Wednesday followed suit with a Detailed Implementation Rules for the Administration of the Road Tests of Autonomous Vehicles (Trial), becoming the third city to issue road testing regulations for self-driving cars in China.

The good news for manufacturing industry from China two sessions CNPC and CPPCC

Now the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) and the Chinese National People’s Congress (CNPC) are being holding in Beijing.

 

Mr. Jiang said, the researcher from NATIONAL ACADEMY OF ECONOMIC STRATEGY, CASS, In general, the situation of economic growth and fiscal revenue in 2017 was better than expected, and the economy is also picking up. It is necessary to keep the economic stabilization trend through tax reduction and fee reduction. It is expected that the intensity will not be reduced in 2018, and the most important thing is to stimulate enterprises, especially the vitality of new business, new industries, and high-tech companies.

 

At the pressure of the exchange rate and the material cost increasing, this is a good news for Chinese manufacturing industry. We will see detail from government work plan after the CPPCC and CNPC.

 

 

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A Sharp Decline of Exchange USD to CHY Since Dec.2017

A Sharp Decline of Exchange USD to CHY Since Dec.2017

We can find there is a sharp curve around Dec.2017, the exchange rate CNY-USD or USD-CNY on Mar. 2nd is below.

1 USD = 6.34618 CNY  1 CNY = 0.157575 USD

 

In the picture we also get a impression that the CNY revaluation is containully since 2017 from the top as 6.85 CNY-1 USD to 6.25 CNY-1 USD

 

It is a bad news to exporting especially for low-profit staple products. The producer have to increase the price for keep the profit.

 

Brake lining and also all friction products have a kind of negative effects for the production of exporting business.

 

In this case, Toughpro will not stop do the upgrade of production line.

Our Automatic production line will soon go into operation, lower the cost and increase the efficiency.

 

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China’s foreign trade up 16.2% in January

BEIJING – China’s foreign trade volume rose 16.2 percent year-on-year in January to 2.51 trillion yuan ($397 billion).

China’s exports increased 6 percent to reach 1.32 trillion yuan, while imports surged 30.2 percent to stand at 1.19 trillion yuan in January, according to the General Administration of Customs Thursday.

Trade surplus shrank 59.7 percent in January to 135.8 billion yuan, compared with a 14.2 percent reduction in 2017.

China’s general trade has increased both in volume and proportion, expanding to 1.47 trillion yuan in January, accounting for 58.6 percent of total foreign trade.

The European Union, the United States and ASEAN are China’s top three trading partners, with exports to the United States rising 7.5 percent year-on-year.

Trade with countries along the Belt and Road rose 17.8 percent year-on-year, 1.6 percentage points higher than the general trade growth.

Chinese private enterprises played a bigger role in trade in January. Their share of the trade edged up 0.2 percentage points compared with January 2016.

Exports of machinery, electronics and home appliances products continued to expand in January, while the volume of steel exports dropped 36.6 percent year-on-year to 4.65 million tonnes.

 

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Shanghai’s Yangshan Deepwater Automated Port

The first and the only automated port in the world

Febrauary 5th-25th workshop closed for Spring Festical-Toughpro Group Limited

Toughpro workshop will be closed in Febrauary 5th-25th for Spring Festical~

The full production will start at begining of March~We all Toughpro employees wish you happy Spring Festival, Kung Hei Fat Choy~~~

Rail expansion makes travel rush smoother

Three new railways are expected to help relieve pressure on China’s transportation networks during the Spring Festival travel rush — which started on Thursday — granting faster and more diversified ways home during the world’s largest annual human migration.

The Xi’an-Chengdu high-speed link and the new Lanzhou-Chongqing Railway, which opened in late 2017, and the new Chongqing-Guiyang Railway, which opened last month, now provide an easier way to get to the Sichuan-Chongqing region — a popular destinations during the rush — from the south, north and west.

This year, 2.98 billion trips are expected to be made during the 40-day travel rush. Train trips are likely to top 390 million, up by 8.8 percent year-on-year, according to the National Development and Reform Commission.

“The three paths have greatly relieved travel rush pressure in the Chongqing and Chengdu region, said Li Wenxin, deputy general manager of China Railway Corp. Chengdu is capital of Sichuan province.

Improvements to the railway system, Li said, also have “increased … the transportation capability from Guangzhou-Shenzhen area to Chongqing and Chengdu by 40 percent”.

Chongqing and Sichuan are a major source of migrant workers, and the region, called Shu in ancient China, is known for its challenging terrain. Poet Li Bai once wrote, “A journey to Shu is more difficult than a journey to climb to Heaven”.

In contrast, Guangdong province, the pioneer hub of China’s economic reform since 1978, attracts ambitious migrants from all over the country.

During Spring Festival, many migrant workers return home for family reunions. The rail lines from Guangdong to Chongqing and Sichuan are always busy during the travel rush, and tickets are in great demand.

Sales of tickets to travel on the rush’s first day started on Jan 3. A report by security software provider Qihoo 360 analyzing those sales shows that the tickets most in demand were from Guangzhou, capital of Guangdong, to Chongqing. The top nine most popular routes departed from Guangzhou and Shenzhen, also a major industrial city in Guangdong. Five destinations among the top 10 most popular routes were in Chongqing and Sichuan. The most popular departure cities were in the Pearl River Delta region.

“The lack of transportation capability in the Sichuan-Chongqing region was a sore spot in railway transportation, in particular a challenge during the Spring Festival travel rush. The corridor will embrace a fundamental change in 2018 thanks to the new lines,” according to China Railway Guangzhou Group.

The latest route, Chongqing-Guiyang railway, put into operation on Jan 25, links the Guiyang-Guangzhou and the Chongqing-Chengdu high-speed railways, building a new fast way to travel between the Pearl River Delta and the Sichuan-Chongqing region.

It cuts travel time between Chongqing and Guangzhou from 12 hours to seven.

The national railway system also is making efforts to provide more seats. An additional 1,152 train services will be scheduled at the start of the rush and an extra 1,330 near the end, with 3,819 trains operating every day, according to Li.

Some 9.11 million seats are provided each day during the rush before Lunar New Year, which this year falls on Feb 16, an increase of 5.2 percent. After the festival, 9.33 million seats will be provided every day, growing by 5.3 percent, according to China Railway Corp.

Thanks to the extension of China’s high-speed network, travelers will have a faster and more comfortable way home during the travel rush.

Some 58 percent of passengers will take bullet trains. An additional 177 overnight bullet train services will be added to popular routes each night, including Beijing-Harbin, Beijing-Guangzhou and Guiyang-Guangzhou, carrying 100,000 more passengers a day, CRC said.

China’s railway network covers 127,000 kilometers, including 25,000 km of high-speed railway.

 

 

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Blizzard in South-East China -Toughpro area

January 26, according to the Central Meteorological Station website, the Central Meteorological Observatory continued to issue the Blizzard Yellow Alert on January 26 at 06:00. In the past 24 hours, heavy snowfall occurred in northern Hubei, central-southern Jiangsu and northern Zhejiang, Depth of 5 to 10 cm, snow depth in some areas greater than 15 cm.

It forecasts that there will still be heavy snow in parts of eastern and southern Hubei, southwestern Anhui Province(Toughpri factory area), northwestern Zhejiang, northern Jiangxi, southern Hunan and southeast Chongqing from 08:00 in 26th to 08:00 in 27th, with heavy snowfall in parts of southeastern Hubei, even Blizzard in some areas (10 ~ 13 mm). The above-mentioned new snow depth of 4 to 8 cm, the local up to 10 to 12 cm. In addition, there are freezing rain in central and northern Hunan, central and eastern Guizhou, and northwestern Jiangxi.

The high way of whole Anhui province is closed, it will open in the next week by the weather condition.

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China economy grows by 6.9 percent in 2017

Industrial output continues at brisk pace, climbing year-on-year

China’s economic growth beat forecasts to reach 6.9 percent year-on-year in 2017, marking the first acceleration since 2010 despite financial regulatory tightening and measures against pollution that affect growth.

Analysts said as growth stabilizes, the country will strengthen regulations and reforms to pursue high-quality development.

GDP growth in the fourth quarter was 6.8 percent, leading to the 6.9 percent overall annual growth, which was higher than the preset growth target of around 6.5 percent for 2017, according to data released by the National Bureau of Statistics on Thursday.

It was 6.7 percent in 2016, which was the slowest in 26 years.

“The national economy has maintained the momentum of stable and sound development and exceeded the expectation with the economic vitality, impetus and potential released,” Ning Jizhe, head of the NBS, said in a news conference.

The rebounding growth was mainly built on still-brisk industrial output, real estate investment and export growth. The country registered 6.6 percent industrial output growth last year, compared with 6 percent in 2016. Real estate investment growth picked up to 7 percent from 6.9 percent in 2016. And export growth reached 10.8 percent last year, compared with a 2 percent decline in 2016.

Meanwhile, the country’s fixed-asset investment grew by 7.2 percent and retail sales rose by 10.2 percent down from 8.1 percent for fixed assets and 10.4 percent for retail in 2016.

“Despite the supply-side structure reform (which leads to production capacity reduction), environmental protection measures (which cause factory closure and affect production) and rising financing costs (as a result of financial regulatory tightening), China’s economy still rebounded which indicates that the current real economy is quite resilient,” said Liu Dongliang, a senior analyst of the China Merchants Bank.

While growth accelerated in 2017, the quality of that growth has also improved. The country’s per capita income, for example, increased by 7.3 percent year-on-year in real terms, higher than the national GDP growth. The supply-side structural reform has raised industrial production efficiency measured by the capacity utility ratio, the NBS said. And high-tech industries have grown at a faster pace than overall industry growth.

China’s top leadership vowed to pursue high-quality development at the 19th CPC National Congress last year. To that end, China will tolerate a moderately lower growth rate this year to focus on reform and financial regulation, Liu said. “It will continue to control shadow banking, cut corporate debt levels and tighten financing of local governments.”

 
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The coke and carbon black become the top ten material in price-rise list in China in Last December

The coke and carbon black become the top ten material in price-rise list of China in Last December

 

The coke and carbon black are the important material for brake lining producing. Both of them influence the brake lining price very much.

last month, China bulk trade platform shows that the coke price increase 31.95% in December.

And the same time the carbon black price increase 13.07%. These two material price occupy the first and the tenth place of the top ten price-rise list.

 

The platform forecast the price will fall back in January and February to the price level as same as the beginning of last December.

We will see the result and welcome to order in recent time~

 

carbon black                                                                                                                                                            coke

                                 

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